SWCA - Environmental Consultants

SWCA - Environmental Consultants - Phoenix, AZ
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Cultural Resources


Whether you need to identify and evaluate a scatter of prehistoric stone tools, document a historic homestead, evaluate historic bridges and canals, or conduct ethnographic research with tribes and other groups to identify traditional cultural properties, SWCA’s cultural resource management (CRM) services help you recognize, assess, and preserve cultural resources while avoiding or minimizing their impacts.

Our highly skilled cultural resource specialists assist with the often complicated processes necessary for compliance with cultural resource laws and regulations. We meet the requirements of the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards and Guidelines and hold numerous federal and state permits that let us work throughout the country. We have specialized training in all aspects of CRM, including archaeology, historic preservation, cultural resources compliance monitoring, and tribal consultation/ethnography – all of which are largely driven by the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA).

With local experience and strong relationships with agency archaeologists and SHPOs, we understand the specifics of how the regulatory process works in a particular geographic area and can provide you with effective support and tailored guidance.

Services include:
  • Cultural resource inventories
  • Archaeological surveys, excavation, testing
    and data recovery
  • Section 106 cultural resource overviews
  • Programmatic Agreements
  • Memoranda of Agreement / Understanding
  • Cultural Resource Monitoring
  • Historic contexts
  • Historic archaeology
  • Class II and III inventories
  • Historic Building Documentation /
    HABS/HAER/HALS Documentation
  • Historic Preservation (historic buildings and districts; historic roads and bridges)
  • Historic property surveys
  • Recommendations for National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) eligibility
  • State/ Tribal Historic Preservation Office   (SHPO/THPO) collaboration
  • Tribal and ethnographic consultation, including tribal-to-federal government consultation
  • Traditional Cultural Properties (TCP) studies
  • Predictive modeling
  • Remote sensing
  • Construction training and monitoring for above- and below-ground resources
  • Cultural resource displays and interpretive design
  • General archival research
  • Ethnographic and ethnohistoric interviews with communities and individuals
  • Ethnobotany
  • Integrated Cultural Resources Management Plans (ICRMP)
Additional Regulatory Drivers
  • Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA)
  • Archaeological Resources Protection Act (ARPA)
  • American Indian Religious Freedom Act (AIRFA)
  • State laws and regulations