For the nearly 18 million residents of the greater Los Angeles metro area, Angeles National Forest is a stunning backyard. Spanning 700,000 acres, the forest flanks the city to the north and east and includes the San Gabriel Mountains and the San Francisquito Canyon watershed, home to many historical, cultural, and ecologically significant sites.
In addition to being a popular area for recreation, Angeles National Forest is also a unique ecosystem that supports threatened and endangered wildlife.
Navigating the complex historical, cultural, legal, and policy framework that informs projects on Native American tribal lands has long been a challenge. Historically, the U.S. federal government assumed the responsibility of tribal consultation, from the earliest days of treaty and trust relations. However, in recent years, tribal interests have intensified and gained broader recognition as tribal voices have grown stronger and are increasingly being heard.